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Bone and Gum Grafting Procedure and Benefits

Bone and Gum Grafting Procedure and Benefits

The idea of a bone or gum grafting surgery may seem intimidating, but both procedures are considered minor surgeries, and are commonly used for both cosmetic purposes and to treat oral health issues.

Patients who would otherwise be unable to receive a dental implant because of inadequate bone density can have the procedure done. Jawbones that have become misshapen because of declining bone mass can be restored. Heavily receding gums that pose risks for losing teeth can be corrected. There are several situations where bone or gum grafts can be very beneficial. Read this article and explore bone and gum grafting procedure and benefits.

When Is a Bone or Gum Graft Surgery Beneficial?

Gum Graft Surgery Grafting Procedures

Your dentist will discuss options with you, and let you know if you are a good candidate for bone or gum tissue grafts and can benefit from either dental procedure.

Securing a Dental Implant

Gum or bone grafts may be necessary before a dental implant, to ensure there is a strong enough foundation for the implant to secure fully as there needs to be sufficient bone mass and density and gum tissue for it to be successful.

Treating Gum Disease and Gum Recession

Gum grafting is an effective procedure to help when gum recession occurs. Gum recession is often due to periodontal, or gum disease, and can lead to tooth decay and loss. Healthy gums protect teeth against bacteria, stabilize teeth, and protect against tooth sensitivity. When gums begin to recede due to trauma, periodontal disease, aggressive brushing, braces, malocclusion, or other causes, a gum tissue graft can help. However, periodontal disease also leads to bone loss, so treating this may require both gum and bone grafts.

Gum graft surgery may be used as a way to treat receding and thinning gums in general for periodontal health.

Treating Bone Loss

Bone grafts may be necessary if a person is experiencing bone loss due to gum disease, tooth loss, facial trauma, or other causes.

A dental bone graft is recommended whenever loss of bone density may impact teeth. Bone grafting restores a healthy bone mass, so the jaw bone is sturdy enough to support teeth securely. Bone grafting helps prevent sagging of the jawbone and facial distortion due to bone loss.

Preventing Bone Loss

A gum or dental bone graft may also be recommended preventatively, or in other situations, such as after a tooth extraction to prevent the bone loss commonly associated with missing teeth.

Cosmetic Purposes

In addition to these grafts being completed to treat oral health problems, dental bone grafts and gum grafts may be performed as a cosmetic surgical procedure.

Gum Graft Surgery Grafting Procedures

Gum Graft Surgery – Grafting Procedures

This dental surgery involves placing soft tissue grafting material onto the gum line, to replace worn away or lost gum tissue. A local anaesthetic is used to minimize discomfort.

There are a variety of gum grafting techniques. The soft tissue grafts can be harvested from your cheek or the roof of your mouth, or donor tissue from a tissue bank can be used. Alternatively, pedicle grafts, where a flap of tissue is created by an incision and unfolded down onto a tooth root can be done. In severe cases, a connective tissue graft may be performed.

Gum grafting can cover exposed tooth roots, or increase overall gum thickness for stability. The procedure usually lasts anywhere from under an hour to 90 minutes, depending on the specific work being done. Covering exposed roots usually takes longer than thickening gums.

Your gum graft is placed over exposed roots or wherever it is needed, and then is stitched on. The sutures or stitches may need to be removed during a second visit, or may fall out on their own.

The healing process takes about two weeks. Patients can eat and drink again soon after the procedure, although it’s best to avoid hot or cold foods and drinks, as well as hard or crunchy foods. Brushing around the site will need to be avoided until it is healed, too. Antibacterial mouthwash may be recommended. Over-the-counter pain relievers can help with sensitivity, which is normal for the first few days.

Ridge augmentation during Bone grafting

Bone Graft Surgery – Grafting Procedures

Local anesthesia is also used for bone grafting surgical procedures. This oral surgery will take from half an hour to 90 minutes, depending on the graft location and how much bone graft material needs to be moved.

The bone tissue graft material can come from your own body or a donor; synthetic materials may also be used. The material comes as powders, granules, putty or gels.

Bone grafting will vary depending on the patient’s needs. Socket preservation involves the graft being placed into a socket after tooth extraction, as a preventative measure. Ridge augmentation is used for those who have had missing teeth for a while, and the jaw bone has thinned, to enable dental implants and other treatments. A sinus lift raises up a dropped sinus area with a bone graft placed underneath. Periodontal bone grafts help with bone that has eroded around teeth because of gum infection.

The oral surgeon makes an incision in the gum, and the dental bone graft material is placed directly onto the bone. The bone minerals encourage the body to deposit new bone cells around them. A collagen membrane will be placed over top, to encourage bone repair.

Socket preservation involves the graft being placed into a socket

Over time, the body replaces the graft with its own bone, increasing and maintaining bone volume and density. Placement of dental implants are possible at this point.

Over-the-counter painkillers and icing will help with the soreness that is normal for a few days. Soft foods, and tepid food and drink is recommended until the graft site is healed.

Orchard Park Dental performs dental bone graft and gum tissue graft procedures, and can advise you on whether one of these procedures may be right for you. 

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the purpose of bone and gum grafting procedures?
Bone and gum grafting procedures are often recommended to patients with insufficient bone density or gum tissue for the secure placement of dental implants. They are also used to treat periodontal disease, gum recession, and bone loss. Additionally, they can be performed for cosmetic purposes.

2. What types of grafting material are used in these procedures?
The grafting material used can be either natural or synthetic. In the case of gum grafts, tissue can be harvested from the patient’s own mouth or from a donor. For bone grafts, material may come from the patient’s body, a donor, or could be synthetic. The synthetic materials can come in various forms such as powders, granules, putty, or gels.

3. What is the recovery process like after a bone or gum grafting procedure?
Post-procedure, patients may experience some soreness and sensitivity, which can be managed with over-the-counter painkillers. Patients are advised to eat soft foods and avoid both hot and cold drinks until the graft site is healed. The healing process usually takes about two weeks.

4. Are there different techniques used in gum grafting surgery?
Yes, there are a variety of techniques used in gum grafting surgery. These include the use of tissue harvested from the patient’s cheek or the roof of their mouth, tissue from a donor, or pedicle grafts where a flap of tissue is created and unfolded onto a tooth root. The specific technique used depends on the individual patient’s condition and the dentist’s assessment.

5. How long does a bone or gum grafting procedure take?
The duration of a bone or gum grafting procedure depends on the amount of work to be done. Generally, these procedures can last anywhere from under an hour to 90 minutes.

Scheduling a Consultation with Orchard Park Dental for Dental Bone Graft and Gum Tissue Graft Procedures

Orchard Park Dental, located at 6-483 Ontario 8, Stoney Creek, Ontario L8G 5B9, Canada, is a reputable dental practice that offers a range of services, including dental bone graft and gum tissue graft procedures.

If you are considering these treatments, their experienced team can provide professional advice and guidance to help determine if one of these procedures is suitable for your dental needs. To schedule a consultation or learn more about their services, you can contact Orchard Park Dental at 905-664-7252.

As a trusted dentist in Stoney Creek, they are dedicated to delivering high-quality dental care and ensuring the comfort and satisfaction of their patients.

Key Takeaways:

  • Bone or gum grafting surgeries are common minor procedures that can enhance oral aesthetics or treat oral health issues.
  • These grafting procedures can benefit patients by securing dental implants, treating gum disease and gum recession, treating bone loss, and preventing bone loss associated with missing teeth.
  • Gum graft surgery replaces worn or lost gum tissue. There are various techniques involved, including the use of soft tissue grafts from the patient or a donor, and connective tissue grafts in severe cases.
  • Bone grafting surgical procedures involve the use of bone tissue graft material, which can be sourced from the patient, a donor, or synthetic materials. The grafting approach varies based on the patient’s needs.
  • Orchard Park Dental is skilled in performing dental bone graft and gum tissue graft procedures, providing professional advice on whether these treatments would be beneficial for patients.


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